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We conduct analyses on topical themes in economics, finance and investments, and publish them in the form of research-based reports. Our analyses are aimed at supporting our clients' investment decisions, as well as the investment decisions behind our portfolios. Find below some of our previous (sample) reports.  


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"The difficult task for monetary policy and the call for a fiscal adjustment"
Author(s): Rafael B. De Rezende
May, 2022


Inflation in the US and other economies continues to climb. I discuss reasons why a monetary contraction will not be enough to bring inflation back to target levels without causing a recession, and that a fiscal adjustment may be necessary as additional measure. The main obstacle for monetary policy to contain the gallop of prices is the resulting highly negative real interest rates and the high debt levels observed, which make the call for a fiscal adjustment. Otherwise, an even higher inflationary spiral may occur, as debtors may wish to take advantage of the highly negative real interest rates and engage in even more debt and spending. One of those debtors is the government, which constant deficits and increasing debt may trigger a loss of faith in the currency, keeping inflation on the rise. A fiscal adjustment is pertinent. I also discuss policy scenarios and implications for investments.


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"The current stance of monetary policy: how contractionary it really is?"
Author(s): Rafael B. De Rezende
July, 2022


Estimates from real policy rates and real shadow rates for the US, Euro area, UK and Sweden suggest that monetary policy is still expansionary from a historical perspective. As a result, although economic activity has slowed down to some extent, inflation has continued to rise. I continue to advocate that a fiscal adjustment is pertinent as additional measure to contain inflation, where faith in the economy and in the currencies would be reestablished. I discuss the most likely scenarios for the global economy going forward, and implications for investments.

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"A portfolio of sustainable companies has been favorable during high volatile regimes"
Author(s): Lisa Alexandersson & Rafael B. De Rezende
September, 2022


We compare the performance of an average portfolio that assigns equal weights to all companies that are eligible for Amuletum Invest AB sustainable portfolio “Amuletum Global Equities Sustainability”, and two sustainable benchmarks, the Dow Jones Sustainability index, and the BetaShares Global Sustainability Leaders ETF, relative to the MSCI World index. Sustainable companies have been less volatile and somewhat more resistant to market crashes than other more common companies. The equally weighted portfolio of sustainable companies generates higher risk-adjusted returns compared to the three benchmarks during all periods studied, suggesting that the companies forming the basis of Amuletum Invest AB sustainable portfolio have been a favorable investment strategy, especially in periods of high volatility in financial markets.

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"Cost of mortgage and house prices: what’s next?"
Author(s): Rafael B. De Rezende
November, 2022


As monetary policy has been strongly contracted to fight inflation, the cost of mortgage has risen significantly in several economies. I discuss why a rising cost of mortgage aligned with inflated house prices will be the catalyst of a house price correction in various economies in the upcoming years. As interest rates reached record lows and mortgage debt reached record highs in a recent past, the interest rate sensitivity of the cost of mortgage increased substantially, implying that the rapid and sharp monetary contraction seen recently has increased the cost of mortgage strongly. The result is a price correction in housing markets. I show both theoretical and estimated results that support my arguments  for the US, UK, Sweden, and Canada. I also discuss key implications for the future state of house prices in various countries, including expectations of house price appreciation in more favorable markets, and implications for investments.

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"On the timing and strength of the upcoming recession"
Author(s): Rafael B. De Rezende
January, 2023


As monetary policy has been strongly contracted to fight inflation, the risk of recession has climbed. Using a logit model with Lasso penalization and data for the US and Euro area, I forecast recession probabilities throughout 2023 and first half of 2024 for both economies. I also discuss the implications the recessionary scenario may have on asset prices, such as major stock indices, bond prices, and other recession resistant assets such as sustainable stocks and gold.

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